Hindmarsh Shire Council is preparing for a blitz on littering to reduce rubbish in the shire.
Council chief executive Dean Miller said the blitz comes after the State Government doubled fines for dropping cigarette butts and ring pulls from cans in February.
Fines for tossing away a burning cigarette jumped from $282 to $563, while the penalty for dropping extinguished cigarettes and ring pulls doubled from $141 to $282.
Mr Miller said council had not yet issued anyone with a littering fine since the penalties increased.
"Littering is a problem in the shire but it is also a problem in the state," he said.
"The main littering culprits are cigarette smokers and you only have to walk down the main street of Nhill to see all the people getting off the bus from Adelaide and having a cigarette.
"They are too lazy to walk three or four metres to a bin."
Horsham Rural City Council law enforcement officer Maurice Rudolph said a Horsham woman was slapped with a $563 fine after she threw a burning cigarette from a car window late last month.
"Unfortunately, smokers do not see it as littering but if they saw someone else throw some chewing gum they would think it was disgusting," he said.
"It is particularly off-putting considering we are still in a high fire danger period."
Yarriambiack Shire Council local laws officer Greg Wilson encouraged shire residents to report people who litter to council.
"If people don't ring in, quite often we don't know about it so it definitely helps to catch the offender," he said.
"I think our shire is pretty good with littering because we have only had a couple of cases of littering or dumping of small amounts of rubbish."
Mr Wilson said fines were the only way to stop people from littering.
"We will definitely use them if the need arises," he said.
"The fines will be quite good at stopping people from littering providing that councils follow through and take people to court if they don't pay, which we will."
Wimmera River Improvement Committee chairman Gary Aitken said he was pleased that the Wimmera River was left in a 'pristine condition' after the Horsham Fishing Competition on Sunday.
He said it was important that the river stayed in a top condition to attract visitors.
"The fishing competition committee do an excellent job at cleaning up and it should be commended on the job," he said.