The Environment Protection Authority charged Graham Leslie White with 118 offences on Friday following an investigation into the chemical dumping site at Lemon Springs.
The charges, filed under the under the Environmental Protection Act, alleged Mr White permitted the illegal transport and burial of various industrial waste types at his property south of Kaniva.
The charges further allege the dumping created an environmental hazard and polluted both the land and water on the site.
The announcement was made at a community meeting in Kaniva on Wednesday, March 24.
At the meeting, Environment Protection Authority chief executive Julian Bull reassured the community remedial works were being carried out at the site.
"EPA used its powers to step in and clean up the property to ensure the safe excavation and disposal of chemicals and rehabilitation of the property," he said.
"Work has already begun with contractor EnviroPacific, and we will continue to ensure all possible site safety and security measures are taken to reach a successful conclusion."
Mr White was also faced additional charges relating to the illegal dumping and storage of industrial waste at nine warehouses across Melbourne.
In 2018, authorities uncovered an estimated 8000 cubic metres of solid and liquid waste buried on Mr White's property.
The Environment Protection Authority has been investigating the site since 2018 - undertaking rehabilitation works and soil testing at the site.
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